Inalienable Rights and their Importance
In life, you have certain rights bestowed upon you. They empower people to search for basic needs. Additionally, these rights guarantee liberty, equality and protect against their bearers against abuse and exploitation. What rights are these you may ask? We refer to them as inalienable rights. In this piece, we’ll examine them, their origin and their relevance to society.
What Are Inalienable Rights?
Inalienable rights are those bestowed upon an individual at birth. Therefore, these rights cannot be taken away or given to another individual forcefully, not unless with the consent of the person in question.
To the uninitiated individual, natural rights may appear to mean the same thing as legal rights. There’s a difference. Legal or constitutional rights are privileges and benefits a government confers upon its citizens. Similar to inalienable rights, you can not deny an individual their legal rights. It is either they exist or not, and to claim a government is denying “human rights” is to say that the government is taking away the natural rights.
According to the Declaration of Independence, all men and women are born equal. No individual has natural rights to rule over others forcefully, and it is the duty of the governing body to apply the law equally to everybody. Inalienable Rights revolve around these three cardinal rules: life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness.
The Development of Natural-Rights Knowledge
During the Continental Congress that took place in 1776, Thomas Jefferson and the Founding Fathers’ efforts culminated in the Declaration of Independence – which was officially enacted on the 4th of July.
However, the idea of inalienable rights came with an English philosopher called John Locke. In his writing, Second Treatise of Government, Locke wrote: “All persons are equal because they have inalienable natural rights. They are God-given. They can neither taken or given away. He particularly wrote that fundamental rights include life, property, and liberty.
Additionally, Francis Hutcheson made an inquiry on “The Origin of Our Ideas of Beauty and Virtue.” He specified that in whatever circumstance there’s a breach of natural rights, there is bound to be a form of perfect of external Right of Resistance. That’s why we see many political and civic demonstrations because one party feels some natural-right infringement.
During the Age of Enlightenment, also known as the Age of Reason, the concept of personal liberty comes out evidently. The enlightenment was that God and nature gave all humans fundamental rights. No person should act or live under oppressive restriction. Some examples of inalienable rights include the rights to:
- Own property
- Act in self-defense
- Work and enjoy wages and salary
- Move freely in one’s country
- Worship or refrain from any religion
- Think without fear
- Have security at one’s property
At Austin LRS, we have competent attorneys who can work with you in any case relating to infringements of inalienable rights. Please visit our Instant Referral Page if you ever sense a violation of your inalienable rights.